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Halitosis

November 23, 2022Health Tips

Halitosis, also known as “bad breath”, is a problem commonly associated with poor oral hygiene or diseases of the oral cavity. However, it may also be an indication of severe systemic diseases that require diagnosis and treatment.

Generally, bad breath is due to the action of the bacteria located primarily on the back of the tongue and in the gingival sulcus. The papillary structure of the tongue causes food debris to be left behind, which are decomposed by the action of the microbial flora, producing volatile sulphur compounds (VSC), which are largely responsible for the bad smell and the result of protein degradation.

Saliva lubricates and oxygenates the oral cavity and has antimicrobial properties; therefore, the quantity and quality of our saliva are important. Patients with xerostomia (reduced or insufficient saliva) produce greater amounts of VSC and bad breath along with it.

Bad breath is also related to the density and characteristics of the bacteria present on the tongue and in the oral cavity. Patients with halitosis have been reported to have a greater proportion of anaerobes and a lower proportion of protective flora.

 

TYPES OF HALITOSIS

PHYSIOLOGICAL Halitosis

Non-pathological oral factors:

 

PATHOLOGICAL Halitosis

ORAL Halitosis. In the oral cavity (90% of cases).

 

EXTRAORAL Halitosis

 

TREATMENT

We must start with proper oral HYGIENE, including tooth brushing, dental floss, and rinses and gargles with low concentration chlorhexidine twice a day.

If there is no improvement, we should evaluate complementary studies to rule out oral and extraoral causes.

The dentist, with the help of a general practitioner, should supervise these procedures regularly.

ASSSA Health Insurance
The information published in this media neither substitutes nor complements in any way the direct supervision of a doctor, his diagnosis or the treatment that he may prescribe. It should also not be used for self-diagnosis.
The exclusive responsibility for the use of this service lies with the reader.
ASSSA advises you to always consult your doctor about any issue concerning your health.
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